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10 July 2010

Los 20 países más pobres del mundo.

20) Republic of Haiti

*Population: 9.2 million
*GDP (ppp): $11.5 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,338

La nación más pobre de fuera del continente africano, Haití se ha visto afectada por desastres naturales, malas condiciones de salud, la sequía y la hambruna. El país experimentó una de sus peores años en virtud de la regla 30-años de médico y brutal dictador Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, quien fue sucedido por su hijo, "Baby Doc" Jean-Claude. Bajo el dominio de estos hombres, Haití experimentó una fuga masiva de cerebros, que se está recuperando de. El reciente terremoto de 7,0 en Port-au-Prince no ha ayudado a las cosas.

19) Burkina Faso

*Population: 16.2 million
*GDP (ppp): $17.7 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,304
La infraestructura de esta nación de África occidental ha estado plagada de frecuentes sequías y golpes de estado varias ocasiones desde la década de 1980. principal producto de exportación de este país es el algodón, que debe en parte a estas sequías intensas y fuertes fluctuaciones en la industria, ha sido un cultivo comercial fiable.
18) Federal Republic Of Nepal

*Population: 28.9 million
*GDP (ppp): $31.5 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,205
Sin litoral y aislado, un tercio del PIB de Nepal proviene de la pequeña agricultura a tiempo. Al igual que Burkina Faso, el país ha experimentado una gran inestabilidad política en las últimas décadas. Mientras que la nación tiene un potencial importante para el desarrollo de una infraestructura de energía hidroeléctrica, esta inestabilidad, sumada a la propensión del país a los desastres naturales, ha dejado gran parte sin explotar este recurso.
17) Republic Of Uganda

*Population: 33.4 million
*GDP (ppp): $36.9 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,195

Uganda tiene un gran potencial con sus vastos recursos naturales, en particular los metales preciosos y minerales. Sin embargo, más del 80% de la población está empleada en la agricultura. El escaso desarrollo de una infraestructura minera, así como una falta general de industrialización, es en gran parte por el conflicto civil de gran escala y el conflicto internacional con los países vecinos, incluyendo el número de esta lista es una: la República Democrática del Congo.
16) Republic Of Mali

*Population: 13.7 million
*GDP (ppp): $15 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,172
Another agriculture-heavy region, densely populated Mali relies heavily on its tobacco industry, which makes up at least 50% of total exports. While the government has attempted to develop an industrial infrastructure aided by the IMF, the UN, and several other philanthropic organizations, Mali has experienced major setbacks. In particular, the unpredictable and unreliable availability of utilities, including electricity, water and telecommunications has deterred foreign investors and hampered development.
15) Republic Of Rwanda

*Population: 11,055,976
*GDP (ppp): $9.9 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $1,149
Rwanda is one of the countries on this list which shows signs of hope. The genocide in 1994 left the nation’s infrastructure in ruins and its people in the depths of poverty. Like several others on this list, this nation is rich in minerals. Efforts to develop this resource, aided by the international perception of increased stability after nearly 1 million deaths during the genocid , have caused mineral production to replace coffee and tea as Rwanda’s main export.
14) Republic Of Guinea

*Population: 10.3 million
*GDP (ppp): $10.3 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $991
Guinea retains significant potential in agricultural and mineral resources, as well as hydroelectric development, but a wide range of issues, including a literacy rate of less than 30% and political uncertainty, has left these industries underdeveloped.
13) Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia

*Population: 88 million
*GDP (ppp): $70.9 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $954
One of the largest and poorest of the African nations, Ethiopia relies heavily on agricultural exports (particularly coffee) to sustain GDP. Heavy droughts, poor farming practices, price fluctuations, and a two-year war with Eritrea hurt the industry, causing many coffee growers to switch to other crops. In 2005, the IMF forgave the country’s debt, which has led to improved conditions.
12) Republic Of Mozambique

*Population: 22 million
*GDP (ppp): $18.6 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $933
Since becoming independent in 1975, Mozambique has struggled to bring itself out of extreme poverty. Working against massive foreign debt with the aid of international organizations, the nation has managed to garner some attention from investors and has developed a sizable aluminum industry. The growth and export potential of the aluminum industry has been hampered by a sharp drop in the price of the metal since the global economic recession.
11) Republic Of Madagascar

*Population: 21.3 million
*GDP (ppp): $19.7 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $932
Until 1990, Madagascar had a socialist-oriented government, which was replaced by one which has relied heavily on the IMF for economic guidance. A burgeoning tourism industry has developed, but several political crises, as well as the global recession, have hurt the nation’s best hope for growth in the past few years.

Read more: The Twenty Poorest Nations In The World - 24/7 Wall St.

10. Republic Of Malawi

*Population: 15.4 million
*GDP (ppp): $11.3 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $884
Although there have been slight improvements since the 2005 election of President Mutharika, high levels of poverty, HIV/Aids and corruption continue to burden Malawi, one of the world’s most densely populated and least developed countries.  In addition, the overuse of agricultural land – the nation’s primary natural resource – has contributed to over half of the Malawian population living below the poverty line. There are plans for exploiting the country’s uranium reserves.
9. Togolese Republic (Togo)

*Population: 6.2 million
*GDP (ppp): $5.3 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $826
Experiencing ongoing political unrest since gaining independence from France in 1960, Togo is considered to be one of the world’s poorest countries.  Led by the universally condemned President Faure Gnassingbe, son of the corrupt political leader Gnassingbe Eyadema, Togo has only recently begun to rebuild its relationship with the international community after years of human rights violations.  With help from the World Bank and the IMF, Togo’s government has plans to work to improve economic growth through increased privatization, government transparency, and support from foreign donors.
8. Republic Of Sierra Leone

*Population: 5.2 million
*GDP (ppp): $4.3 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $759
Although rich in minerals and agricultural resources, Sierra Leone suffered a ten-year war, which ended in 2002.  Poverty and unemployment remain great hurdles for the recovering nation. The export of diamonds, often called “blood diamonds,” benefits only a small minority of the country. For much of the general population, peace and prosperity seem unattainable.
7. Central African Republic

*Population: 4.8 million
*GDP (ppp): $3.2 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $745
A site of constant political turmoil, the CAR has undergone three decades of bumbling military dictatorships , a decade of unruly civilian government, and an unstable transitional government established by a military coup.  All of  this has happened since gaining independence from France in 1960.  There is great potential for economic growth within CAR’s timber and diamond industries, however years of corruption and political instability have undermined this progress.
6. Republic Of Niger

*Population: 15.9 million
*GDP (ppp): $10.1 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $719
Featuring an arid climate which suffers from drought cycles and desertification, Niger suffers from a stifled economy that is consistently undercut by price fluctuations in uranium, the country’s primary export.  These facts, in addition to Niger’s prolonged history of post-independence military rule, keep the nation as one of the poorest in the world, devastated by disease and corruption.
5. State Of Eritrea

*Population: 5.8 million
*GDP (ppp): $3.7 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $679
Having only gained its independence from Ethiopia 17 years ago, Eritrea has faced many problems. Problems that arise from its position as a small, underdeveloped country that continues to experience military conflict since its sovereignty.  The country’s single party government, run by the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice, maintains total control over the economy through military force and the expansion of government-owned businesses.
4. Republic Of Liberia

*Population: 3.7 million
*GDP (ppp): $1.4 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $424
As a result of years of civil war and a cycle of incompetent government administrations, Liberia has suffered extensive economic hardships since a 1980 military coup led by Samuel Doe.  Fortunately, an abundance of water, timber, and mineral resources offer a chance for salvation for to the nation’s war-ravaged infrastructure.
3. Republic Of Burundi

*Population: 9.8 million
*GDP (ppp): $3 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $400
Having recently emerged from a civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi factions, Burundi’s economy faces many challenges.  It is landlocked, lacking in resources, largely uneducated (only one in two children attend school), and one in every fifteen adults has HIV/Aids.  Although recent political stability has proven beneficial, poverty remains extremely prominent.
2) Republic Of Zimbabwe

*Population: 11.6 million
*GDP (ppp): $332 MILLION (note: whoa!)
*$GDP Per Capita: $354
One of, if not the poorest nation in the world, Zimbabwe’s economy has suffered from war with the Democratic Republic of Congo and hyperinflation as a result of the overprinting of currency. A violent land redistribution campaign has scared away most potential foreign investors.
1) Democratic Republic of Congo

*Population: 70.9 million
*GDP (ppp): $20.6 billion
*$GDP Per Capita: $332
Although rich with economic resources, the Democratic Republic of Congo has suffered from war and corruption since its independence in 1960.  Once the second most industrialized country in Africa, it now has in the lowest GDP per capita in the world.  Lack of infrastructure and the flight of businesses reflect the effects of what has been termed as Africa’s “world war,” where an estimated three million lives were lost.
- Douglas A. McIntyre, Charles B. Stockdale, and Michael B. Sauter
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